Biggest earthquakes in history
Deadly earthquakes that registered a magnitude of at least 8.5
22 May 1960: A magnitude-9.5 earthquake in southern Chile and the ensuing tsunami killed at least 1,716 people.
27 March 1964: A magnitude-9.2 quake in Prince William Sound, Alaska, and the ensuing tsunami killed 128 people.
26 December 2004: A magnitude-9.0 quake off the Indonesian island of Sumatra triggered a tsunami that killed 226,000 people in 12 countries, including 165,700 in Indonesia and 35,400 in Sri Lanka.
13 August 1868: A magnitude-9.0 quake in Arica, Peru, (now Chile) generated catastrophic tsunamis; more than 25,000 people were killed in South America.
31 January 1906: A magnitude-8.8 quake off the coast of Ecuador and Colombia generated a tsunami that killed at least 500 people.
1 November 1755: A magnitude-8.7 quake and ensuing tsunami in Lisbon, Portugal, killed an estimated 60,000 people and destroyed much of Lisbon.
8 July 1730: A magnitude-8.7 quake in Valparasio, Chile, killed at least 3,000 people.
15 August 1950: A magnitude-8.6 earthquake in Assam, Tibet, killed at least 780 people.
15 June 1896: A magnitude-8.5 quake in Sanriku, Japan, caused a tsunami that killed at least 22,000 people.
11 November 1922: A magnitude-8.5 quake on the Chile-Argentina border killed several hundred people.
7 November 1837: A magnitude-8.5 magnitude quake in Valdivia, Chile, generated a tsunami that killed at least 58 people in Hawaii.
20 October 1687: A magnitude-8.5 quake in Lima, Peru destroyed much of the city.
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